Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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1999 Outbreak of Clostridium Perfringens, Anoka County Restaurant

An Anoka County, Minnesota, restaurant owner received a complaint of gastrointestinal illness among people who ate a 12 foot club party submarine sandwich at a birthday party on June 5. Ingredients in the submarine sandwich included bologna, salami, ham, lettuce, tomato, cheese, peppers, and mayonnaise. The complainant stated that nine people were ill, however contact information was available for only five ill persons; the complainant refused to give contact information for the people who attended the party and remained well. All five attendees interviewed met the case definition. All five (100%) reported diarrhea, two (40%) reported cramps, and one (20%) reported vomiting. The median incubation was 16 hours (range, 10 to 22 hours) and the median duration of illness was 17 hours (range, 10 to 27 hours). The clinical characteristics of this outbreak were consistent with gastroenteritis due to Clostridium perfringens intoxication. The meat ingredients of the submarine sandwich were a plausible vehicle for C. perfringens, however, no food vehicle could be statistically implicated.

  • Outbreak began:
  • June 1999
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • Minnesota
  • Organism(s):
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Sandwiches, Submarine
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Unknown
  • Test Results:
  • None
  • Location(s):
  • Restaurant
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • Unknown
  • Total ill:
  • 5
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Unknown
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • N/A
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Unknown
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • Unknown
  • Any Deaths:
  • Unknown
  • Number Dead:
  • Unknown
  • Any References:
  • Yes

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