Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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2004 Botulism at a California Prison linked to Pruno

Five inmates in a California prison developed botulism after drinking an alcoholic drink, "pruno." The "pruno" was a drink concocted by the inmates. Pruno was made from bread crusts, fruit scraps and potato peels which were fermented to make an alcoholic drink. The batch of pruno did not ferment enough to kill the Clostridium botulinum bacteria. Treatment for the prisoners cost $352,000 and depleted the regional supply of botulism anti-toxin.

  • Outbreak began:
  • June 2004
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • California
  • Organism(s):
  • Botulism
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Fruit Beverage, Pruno
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • No
  • Test Results:
  • None
  • Location(s):
  • Prison
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • No
  • Total ill:
  • 5
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Yes
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • 5
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • 0
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • 0
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 5
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0
  • Any References:
  • Yes

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