Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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2004 Outbreak of Norovirus at a Maricopa Area Jail Linked to Sausage

A correctional officer reported a possible foodborne outbreak to the Office of Environmental Health in Arizona when a number of inmates presented with gastrointestinal distress. A laboratory investigation found the causative agent to be Norovirus. A case-control study indicated the vehicle to be sausage served at lunch two days before the report was made. An environmental investigation of the prison's meal preparation area found many violations. Dishes were washed in dirty water and not rinsed; ill food workers had worked prior to the outbreak. Importantly, the temperature control sheets reported the sausage had not been heated to the proper temperature prior to serving.

  • Outbreak began:
  • November 2004
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • Arizona
  • Organism(s):
  • Norovirus
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Luncheon Meat and Sausage, Sausage
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • No
  • Test Results:
  • None
  • Location(s):
  • Prison
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • No
  • Total ill:
  • 17
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Yes
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • 17
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • 0
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • 0
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • No
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 0
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0
  • Any References:
  • Yes

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