Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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2006 Campylobacter jejuni at California State Prisons Linked to Consumption of Spoiled Milk

Spoiled milk was the likely vehicle that sickened inmates and employees at eleven state prisons between May 16 and 26. Over 1,600 inmates reported gastrointestinal symptoms prompting an investigation by the state health department. While, bacteria was never isolated from the milk samples, prisoner stool samples contained Campylobacter jejuni. A case-control study of the prisoners found that consumption of milk increased the risk of illness eleven times. The milk was supplied by the Deuel Vocational Institution farm in Tracy, CA. Environmental swabs from the processing plant showed no bacteria, and the facilities appeared to adhere to health and safety standards. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from farm samples. Three flush-alley water samples grew Campylobacter jejuni that matched the outbreak strain. The dairy halted production for inspection on May 19, and they recalled all the milk produced between May 8 and 18. This milk was tested and found to have higher levels of bacteria, but the testing laboratory was unable to identify the bacteria from processed milk.

  • Outbreak began:
  • May 2006
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • California
  • Organism(s):
  • Campylobacter
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Dairy, Milk, Pasteurized
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • No
  • Test Results:
  • None
  • Location(s):
  • Prison
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • Yes
  • Total ill:
  • 1644
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Yes
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • 1644
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • 0
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • 0
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 7
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0
  • Any References:
  • Yes

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