Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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Northeastern States Ground Beef 2003

A cluster of Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 cases was found in the northeastern United States in late 2003. The strain was resistant to several antibiotics and was referred to as R-type ACSSuT. Illness was associated with consuming grocery store bought ground beef that was prepared at home as hamburgers. Product traceback linked the cases to a single, large ground beef manufacturer that had previously been implicated in a multistate outbreak of a highly antibiotic resistant strain of Salmonella Newport in 2002. The meat processor produced much of the ground beef from culled cows. On January 29, 2004, the USDA issued a reminder to consumers to cook beef thoroughly, but no product recall was issued. Related cases were found through April, 2004. Cases were more likely than controls to have pre-existing medical problems.

  • Outbreak began:
  • October 2003
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, Maine
  • Organism(s):
  • Salmonella
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Beef, Ground Beef
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Yes
  • Test Results:
  • XbaI JPXX01.0003 or JPXX01.0075 [2 closely related patterns] and BlnI JPXA26.003
  • Location(s):
  • Grocery stores
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • No
  • Total ill:
  • 58
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Yes
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • 58
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • 0
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • 0
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 11
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0
  • Any References:
  • Yes

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